Publication Ethics Policies
According to principles of transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing a good research should be justified, well planned, appropriately designed, and ethically approved in accordance to Committee On Publication Ethics (COPE), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).
To conduct research to a lower standard may constitute misconduct. Publishers and editors shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. If tables, illustrations or photographs, which have already been published, are included, a letter of permission for re-publication should be obtained from author(s) as well as the editor of the journal where it was previously published. Written permission to reproduce photographs of patients, whose identity is not disguised, should be sent with the manuscript.
If a medicine is used, generic name should be indicated. The commercial name may, however, be mentioned only within brackets, if necessary. In case of medicine or device or any material indicated in text, a declaration by author(s) should be submitted that no monetary benefit has been taken from manufacturer/importer of that product by any author. In case of experimental interventions, permission from ethical committee of the hospital should be taken beforehand. Any other conflict of interest must be disclosed. Fully informed consent should always be sought. It may not always be possible, however, and in such circumstances, an appropriately constituted research ethics committee should decide if this is ethically acceptable.
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations are followed to review best practice and ethical standards in the conduct and reporting of the manuscript and other material published in the journal, and to help authors, editors and other involved in peer review and biomedical publishing create and distribute accurate, clear, reproducible, unbiased research articles. The role of authors and contributors are also according to ICMJE recommendations which are based on four criteria; available on www.icmje.org. The “Authorship Contribution Form” is available on our official website www.jfinph.org.pk.
The main components of any original article are Abstract, Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion (IMRAD: I- Introduction, M- Methodology, R- Results and D- Discussion) and Conclusion.
Abstract of an original article should be in structured format with the following subheadings:
Label each section clearly with the appropriate subheadings. Background is not needed in an abstract. The total word count of abstract should be 250 words. A minimum of three to ten keywords as per MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) should be written at the end of abstract.
The introduction of the article is funnel shaped, moving from the general information followed by specific information related to the research. It should include the purpose of the article after giving brief literature review strictly related to objective of the study. The rationale for the study or observation should be summarized. Only strictly pertinent references should be cited and the subject should not be extensively reviewed. Data, methodology or conclusion from the work being reported should not be presented in this section. It should end with a statement of the study objective.
Study design and sampling methods should be mentioned. Obsolete terms such as retrospective studies should not be used. The selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or experimental animals, including controls) should be described clearly. The methods and the apparatus used should be identified (with the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures be described in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. References to established methods should be given, including statistical methods. References and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known should be provided; only new or substantially modified methods should be described in detail, giving reasons for using them, and evaluating their limitations. All drugs and chemicals used should be identified precisely, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. The approval of human or animal research by an Ethical committee is an essential requirement. For statistical analysis, the specific test used should be named, preferably with reference for an uncommon test.
Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. It should be written in past tense. All the data in the tables or illustrations should not be repeated in the text; only important observations should be emphasized or summarized with due statement of demographic details. No opinion should be given in this part of the text. The maximum number of tables/graphs should not exceed five.
TABLES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
Legends to illustrations should be typed on the same sheet. Tables should be simple, and should supplement rather than duplicate information in the text; tables repeating information will be omitted. Each table should have a title and be typed in double space without horizontal and vertical lines on an 8-1/2”x11” (21.5x28.0 centimeters) paper. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals. If abbreviations are used, they should be explained in footnotes. When graphs, scatter grams, or histograms are submitted, the numerical data on which they are based should be supplied. All graphs should be made with MS Excel and SPSS software and be sent as a separate Excel file, even if merged in the manuscript.
FIGURES AND PHOTOGRAPHS
Photographs, X-rays, CT scans, MRI and photo micro-graphs should be sent in digital format with minimum resolution of 3.2 mega pixels in JPEG compression. Photographs must be sharply focused. The background of photographs must be neutral and preferably white. The photographs submitted must be those originally taken as such by a camera without manipulating them digitally. The hard copy of the photographs if sent, must be uncounted, glossy prints 5”x7” (12.6x17.3 centimeters) in size. They may be in black and white or in color. Negatives, transparencies, and x-ray films should not be submitted. Numerical number in the figure and the name of the article should be written on the back of each figure/photograph. Scanned photographs must have 300 or more dpi resolution. The author must identify the top of the figure. These figures and photographs must be cited in the text in consecutive order. Legends for photomicrographs should indicate the magnification, internal scale and the method of staining. Photographs of published articles will not be returned. If photographs of patients are used either they should not be identifiable or the photographs should be accompanied by written permission to use them.
System international (S.I) unit measurement should be used. Imperial measurement units like inches, feet etc. are not acceptable.
The discussion should begin with a brief summary of the main findings and should answer the question(s) stated in the introduction or address the hypothesis. The findings should be in context of the strengths of the study. This section should include author’s comment on the results, supported with contemporary references, including arguments and analysis of identical work done by other workers. The differences from previous findings need to be documented, reason for similarities and differences with applications, implications or both. Typically, the authors should move from specific to general (opposite of introduction and hence inverted funnel shaped). Any conflict of interest, however, must be mentioned at the end of discussion in a separate heading.
The limitations of the study should be mentioned at the end. Limitations must be mentioned by the authors, rather than by the peer reviewers and readers.
Conclusion should be provided under separate heading and highlight new aspects arising from the study. It should be in accordance with the objectives. This section is brief, not more than a few pertinent lines.
The references must be written in Vancouver style, double-spaced and numbered as they appear in the text. The minimum number of references should be 18; and the total number must not exceed 40 for original article and 100 for review article. Provide complete information for each reference, including names and initials of all authors when they are six or less. If there are more than six authors, list the first six followed by “et.al”. The author name(s) and initials are followed by the title of the article, the name of the journal abbreviated according to the style followed in Index Medicus, year of publication, journal volume, journal issue and number of the first and last pages. EndNote can be used for citation in the text and reference list. For credit to individuals involved in the work and conflict of interest, it is important to have authenticity, accuracy and originality for the publication; following the guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The author is responsible to ensure that the work submitted is original literary work, given due credit by providing appropriate citations to the words and work of others. Plagiarism is deemed unethical publishing conduct and unacceptable. According to HEC policy, the similarity index of more than 19% will be rejected.
JFINPH is a peer reviewed journal. Submitted manuscripts are reviewed for originality, relevance, statistical methods, significance, adequacy of documentation, reader interest and composition. Every paper will be read by at least two staff editors of the Editorial Board. The papers selected will then be sent to two external reviewers. If statistical analysis is included, further examination by a staff statistician will be carried out. The ultimate authority to accept or reject the manuscript rests with the Editor. We use Open and Blind Review Policy.
PUBLICATION AND DISTRIBUTION
The journal will be published and circulated to libraries, institutes and clinics throughout Pakistan and abroad.
All rights of JFINPH are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying (except for internal or personal use) without the prior permission of the publisher.
The publication and the members of the editorial board cannot be held responsible for errors or for any consequences arising from the use of the information contained in this journal.
JFINPH publication is biannual, and for every published work, copies of the journal will be supplied free of cost to the principal author and co-author(s). Additional copies of the journal can be obtained from publication office JFINPH. There are no submission/processing/subscription charges till date.