Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Basic Life Support among Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study in Malakand Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


  • Asaf Shah DHQ Hospital Batkhela 
  • Farman Ullah DHQ Hospital Timergera
  • Nazia Noreen LRH, Peshawar
  • Muhammad Asad Pak-Swiss Nursing College
  • Aimal Khan Saidu group of Teaching Hospital Swat


basic life support, knowledge, attitude, practice, nurses



To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding basic life support among nurses of three selected District Headquarter Hospitals of Malakand Division Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.


A cross-sectional study was conducted using 210 nursing staff working in these three hospitals. Data were collected using questionnaire, adopted from American Heart Association guidelines 2015. Permission granted by the concerned university and hospital. Consent was taken from the study participants before collecting the data. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 24 for descriptive and inferential statistics.


More than half (52.9%) of the participants had moderately adequate knowledge regarding basic life support (BLS). Majority (60%) of the participants were not performing BLS voluntarily, 30% participants performed BLS but not voluntarily. Majority (82.4%) nursing staff had poor practices regarding basic life support. No significant association was found between the level of knowledge regarding basic life support, socio-demographic variables and participant’s practices regarding basic life support.


Overall, nurses had moderately adequate knowledge and poor practices regarding basic life support. Very less number of nursing staff performed basic life support throughout their working career. Majority of the nursing staff were not basic life support certified. Majority of the nursing staff were not able to handle any emergency situation due to their lack of knowledge related to proper skills of basic life support. Nurses’ needs to be properly trained and certified BLS.

Author Biographies

Asaf Shah, DHQ Hospital Batkhela 

Assistant Professor,
DHQ Hospital Batkhela 

Farman Ullah, DHQ Hospital Timergera

Nursing Supervisor
DHQ Hospital Timergera

Nazia Noreen, LRH, Peshawar

Nursing Lecturer,
LRH, Peshawar

Muhammad Asad, Pak-Swiss Nursing College

Nursing Lecturer
Pak-Swiss Nursing College

Aimal Khan, Saidu group of Teaching Hospital Swat

Nursing Supervisor
Saidu group of Teaching Hospital Swat


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How to Cite

Shah, A. ., Ullah, F., Noreen, N. ., Asad, M. ., & Khan, A. . (2022). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Basic Life Support among Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study in Malakand Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Journal of Farkhanda Institute of Nursing And Public Health (JFINPH), 2(2), 19–23. Retrieved from